Title of document: Strengthening sustainable food systems through geographical indications

Authors: Emilie Vandecandelaere; Catherine Teyssier; Dominique Barjolle; Philippe Jeanneaux; Stéphane Fournier; Olivier Beucherie

Journal’s name if any:

Ministry/Government Agency/Organisation: FAO/EBRD

Year of publication: 2018

Geographic focus: Asia & Mekong regional

Main issues / topics addressed (for example: Background: what does the literature have to say about geographical indications and their impacts?; Framework of analysis; GI processes and their economic impacts; Synthesis of causal mechanisms and success factors …)

School of agroecology (if any):

Web address to original document (if any): www.fao.org/3/I8737EN/i8737en.pdf


This study seeks to provide empirical evidence on the economic impacts that are generated through the GI process, beginning with the official recognition of a GI and the steps that follow. It focuses on the food sector and reviews nine cases, offering a variety of national contexts and local value chains. The approach considers “operational” GI processes: those in which a code of practice (or specifications) is defined and the GI is used and managed by a collective organization. The cases are: Colombian coffee, Darjeeling tea (India), Futog cabbage (Serbia), Kona coffee (United States), Manchego cheese (Spain), Penja pepper (Cameroon), Taliouine saffron (Morocco), Tête de Moine cheese (Switzerland) and Vale dos Vinhedos wine (Brazil). A specific methodological framework (detailed in the annex) has been developed based on qualitative and quantitative analysis of each case thanks to field work carried out by Masters and PhD students, so as to identify the economic impacts of GI processes and define the mechanisms involved.