Title of document: State of Land in the Mekong Region – Highlight (Version Burmese)

Authors/editor: Micah L. Ingalls, Jean-Christophe Diepart, Nhu Truong, Daniel Hayward, Tony Neil, Chanthavone Phomphakdy, Rasso Bernhard, Sinu Fogarizzu, Michael Epprecht, Vong Nanhthavong, Dang H. Vo, Dzung Nguyen, Phong A. Nguyen, Thatheva Saphangthong, Chanthaviphone Inthavong, Cornelia Hett and Nicholas Tagliarino

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Ministry/Government Agency/Organisation: CDE, MRLG

Year of publication: 2019

Geographic focus: Mekong Regional

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Web address to original document (if any): http://mrlg.org/resources/3025-2/

Summary:

The report “State of Land in the Mekong Region” was launched today in Vientiane, Lao PDR. The first publication of its kind in the Mekong Region, it brings together key data and information on the current status of, and changes in, land resources, their social distribution, and the conditions of governance that shape them. The report stresses the need for urgent action towards transformational change. It was co-produced by the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) of the University of Bern and the Mekong Region Land Governance Project (MRLG). Funding was provided by Switzerland, Germany, and Luxembourg. The Mekong region – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam – is in the midst of profound social and environmental change. Despite rapid urbanization, the region remains predominantly rural. More than 60 per cent of its population live in rural areas, and the vast majority of these people are engaged in agriculture.  Due to rapid growth of its agricultural sector, the Mekong region has become a global centre of production and trade for commodities such as rubber, rice, cassava, wood, sugar cane, and palm oil. Between 1996 and 2015, overall agricultural land in the Mekong region grew by 20 per cent, or around 9 million hectares. Most of this expansion has occurred at the expense of the region’s natural capital – especially forests and other vegetation.