NOMAFSI is a research institute affiliated to VAAS, mandated to undertake scientific research and technology transfer in agriculture and forestry to serve the agricultural and rural development in the midlands and mountainous regions of North Vietnam. Regarding tea R&D: NOMAFSI has collected and is now conserving and utilizing a collection of nearly 200 accessions of tea varieties from main tea production countries.
NOMAFSI has been involved in the coordination of many research programs/projects including: NOMAFSI has released a number of state level tea varieties, such as LDP1 , LDP2, TRI 777, Phuc Van Tien, Keo Am Tich, Hung Dinh Bach, PT95, Bat Tien, Kim Huyen, Thuy Ngoc, Shan Chat Tien, Shan Tham Ve, etc. which cover more than 40% of tea planting areas in Vietnam.
Fruit trees R&D: NOMAFSI has collected and is now conserving a collection of 20 fruit tree species with 244 accessions NOMAFSI has selected 20 new varieties that have been permitted by MARD to be tested on a large scale. These include 3 pineapple, 3 banana, 4 persimmon (Kaki), 3 litchi, 3 grapefruit (pomelo), 1 mango and 1 passion fruit variety. Various cultivation protocols have been developed and recommended to farmers.
Arabica Coffee R&D: A collection of 180 accessions of Coffee Arabica has been established. 10 promising accessions in terms of high yield and quality for export, resistance to rust disease, 2 coffee varieties TN1 and TN2 with high yield and quality, growth vigor and high 100 grain weight as compared to Catimor variety have been identified for breeding purposes.
Annual crops and sustainable sloping land agricultural R&D: NOMAFSI has a very strong team working in the field of sustainable sloping land agricultural production and natural resource improvement. In the past, the team has worked in cooperation with CIRAD and other partners including IRRI and IRD, on the implementation of sustainable sloping land agricultural technologies, including the SAM Project – Agrarian Systems in the Northern Mountainous Regions of Vietnam. In addition, NOMAFSI has selected and recommended numerous food crop varieties for production (conventional rice, hybrid rice, maize, cassava, soybean and peanut) adapted to local socio-economic and natural conditions in the region.
At present, NOMAFSI continues activities in research and transfer of advanced technologies in sustainable sloping land agricultural production including direct sowing mulch based cropping systems, maintaining permanent soil cover, mini-terraces with soil mulch, inter-cropping and crop rotation. These techniques may be integral to the development of increased crop yield in uplands areas with current research indicating increases of up to 70–75% on average are possible. This has the potential to contribute to hunger eradication and poverty reduction for mountainous region farmers, through enhanced food security, and improved natural resource management.
Agro-forestry R&D: NOMAFSI is conducting research on the establishment of various Agroforestry models, combining short-term crops, long-term trees (fruit and forest trees) and fodder crops to facilitate the harmonic development of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry production. NOMAFSI has identified some promising fodder crops including elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), Guatemala grass (Tripsacum fasciculatum), Brachiaria decumbens, B. brizantha, B. humidicola, B. ruziziensis, Paspalum atratum and Panicum maximum for inclusion in Agroforestry systems. Various models have been built for the incorporation of fodder and cover crops into the Agroforestry systems that will assist in the increased development of animal production, whilst avoiding competition for agricultural and forestry lands.